Qunoot in hard times

  • Author: Fataawa nos. 86204, 84214 & 83519
  • Publish date:01/03/2019
  • Section:FATWA FOR ALL
  • Rate:
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Question:

 

 

I ask about Du'a in hard times. There are some Ahadeeth in Saheeh Muslim which mentions that the Qunoot is Sunnah? Do we have to do it for every prayer?

 

 

Fatwa:

 

 

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

 

 

As a rule, Qunoot (supplication) is a Sunnah (tradition) of Prophet  may  Allah  exalt  his  mention. According to the opinion of Imam Ahmad and Imam Abu Hanefah  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him Qunoot is a Sunnah in Al-Witr prayer. It is better to make Qunoot in Al-Witr prayer before Rukoo', although it is acceptable to be after Rukoo'.

 

 

However, if any disaster or calamity befalls Muslims, such as epidemics, floods, fear from the enemy's outrage, aggression, oppression or injustice, they are ordained to supplicate in Qunoot in the last Rak'ah of every obligatory prayer. Qunoot should be before or after the Rukoo'.

 

 

Here are some evidence regarding Qunoot:

 

 

1. It is narrated by Ahmad, Muslim, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them on the authority of Anas  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him that the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) supplicated Qunoot for one whole month, calling down the wrath of Allah upon some Arab tribes (Arabs from Banu Sulaim, Rei'l and Thakwan), then he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) left it (didn't supplicate Qunoot anymore). Al-Bukhari's narration (reads); “He (the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )) supplicated with Qunoot when his  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) missionaries (Qurra') were killed (by Arab tribes, Banu Sulaim, Rei'l and Thakwan). I didn't see him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) more grieved of any incident as he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was in this incident.

 

 

2. It is narrated by Ahmad, Muslim and at-Tirmithi  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them on the authority of Al-Bara' Ibn 'Aazeb  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him that the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) supplicated with Qunoot in Maghrib and Fajr prayers.

 

 

3. It is narrated by Ahmad and Abu Dawood  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them on the authority of Ibn Abbas  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him who said: “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) supplicated with Qunoot continuously during a whole month in Thuhr, Asr, Maghrib, 'Ishaa', and Subh (Fajr) in the end of the prayer. He (the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )) recited (Qunoot) after raising from Rukoo' in the last Rak'ah, and then he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) called down the wrath of Allah upon Banu Sulaim, Rei'l, Thakwaan and 'Osayyah, and the followers (his companions who were praying after him) were saying Ameen."

 

 

4. Qunoot should be preformed in the last Rak'ah of Thuhr and 'Ishaa' prayer, and in the Fajr prayer after saying: 'Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah' (Allah hears the one who praises Him). The supplicant should pray for believers and invoke evil on infidels.

 

 

As for Qunoot daily in Fajr prayer, there is a disagreement among Muslim scholars concerning this issue. Imams Ahmad and Abu Haneefah  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them held the opinion that it is not a Sunnah to make Qunoot in Fajr prayer or any other prayer except Al-Witr. Malik Al-Ashjai’e  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said to his father Abu Malik Al-Ashjai’e  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him: 'You prayed with Allah's Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) , Abu Bakr, 'Umar, Uthman and with 'Ali here in Kufa for five years. Did they make Qunoot in al-Fajr?' His father replied: 'O my son! It is something that has been innovated.' (Reported by At-Tirmithi). Most scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them follow such a rule. However, Imams Malik and al-Shafi'e  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them held the opinion that it is a Sunnah to make Qunoot in Fajr prayer at all times.

 

 

Allah Knows best.

 

Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb

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